When taking on a new project, one of the most important decisions that a programmer needs to make is to choose the right programming language that will be best suited for their project. Since each programming project comes with its needs and specifications, it’s important to choose the right technology for coding it.
As each programming languages have their strength and weaknesses, choosing a backend technology that suits your needs is important before starting a project.
In this article, we compare both programming languages, Node.JS vs Python to help you select a programming language that best suits your project.
What Are Node.JS and Python?
Before we start comparing these two programming languages, let’s first understand what Python and Node.JS are.
Python is a front-end and back-end programming language. It is a general-purpose programming language that promotes multiple programming paradigms. Python can be used for creating apps for desktops, mobile, and websites. It’s a multipurpose programming language that’s popular for building highly portable web and mobile applications.
The key difference between python and node.JS is that Python is a programming language while Node.JS isn’t.
Python vs Node.JS
Below, we compare Python v/s Node.JS in detail in terms of scalability, architecture, learning curve, and apps these programming languages are best suitable for.
Scalability allows the users a hassle-free experience by responding to multiple requests seamlessly within no time. A scalable app can assist a huge number of users at the same time without its performance getting affected.
Since python is a slower programming language and doesn’t support multithreading. The internal lock mechanism in Python prevents it from running multiple tasks simultaneously. However, these limitations can be overcome by using programs like CPython.
Whereas, it’s easy to achieve scalability with Node.JS. It allows for easier vertical and horizontal scaling of web applications. An app that’s written in Node.JS having an asynchronous architecture ensures easy scalability. Check this for information on database for nodejs.
When it comes to scalability, Node.JS is the winner.
Since Python doesn’t come with built-in support for asynchronous programming and requires special tools like asyncio to develop event-driven apps.
Whereas Node.JS has an event-driven environment and involves a single-thread event loop. This allows for thousands of connections without any thread context switching. Thus, making Node.JS one of the best options for real-time web applications.
Because of its event-driven architecture, Node.JS is better when it comes to architecture.
- Learning Curve
The learning curve refers to a programmer’s ability to write code in a specific language and their fluency in syntax and tools.
However, Python is not written in a popular language like Node.JS but allows us to write cleaner and compact code. Also, some code lines in Phyton help developers achieve the same results as Node.JS.
Since python is a comparatively older programming language, it has a lot of documentation that provides enough knowledge for developers to refer to. Thus, you’re not likely to run short of knowledge when it comes to Python.
Being a simple and accurate programming language, Python has a shorter learning curve than Node.JS. Thus, when it comes to the learning curve, Python is better.
- Apps It’s Used For
Python is a vital part of the data science industry where several tools rely on it. Python is also used for several domains like data visualization, machine learning, voice and face recognition, and image processing.
Whereas Node.JS is ideal for applications that require the processing of concurrent requests in real-time, it’s also used for real-time applications such as chatbots, messengers. Collaboration systems, and streaming platforms.
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Since both, Python and Node.JS have diverse applications, they are equally relevant depending on their usage.
When it comes to choosing between Node.JS and Python, Node.JS definitely has an advantage over its competitor due to its capacity for scalability, event-driven architecture, speed, and easy usability.
However, Python over the years, Python has also earned its place in the web application development industry. Since both these programming languages are used for various types of projects, choosing between them depends a lot on what is best suited for your project.
Both Python and Node.JS have their advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, before you decide on a particular programming language for your project, make sure to research thoroughly, and understand the pros and cons of both. Doing so will ensure that what you choose is optimal for your needs and specifications.